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Safe handling and storage of Mineral Turpentine

Method C303

  1. Intent
  2. Description
  3. Use
  4. Storage
  5. Spill
  6. Disposal
  7. Hazard
  8. First Aid
  9. Technical

1. Intent

This laboratory technique describes the processes for use, storage, spill resolution and disposal for mineral turpentine. The technique also provides information on fire, explosion and hazards as well as first aid treatment.

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2. Product description

Mineral turpentine is a Class 3: Flammable Liquid and has damaging properties as follows.

Mineral turpentine toxicity information

Inhalation Harmful if inhaled. Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause irritation to eyes, nose and throat due to exposure to vapour, mists or fumes. Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness. Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
Ingestion Aspiration hazard if swallowed – harmful or fatal if liquid is aspirated into lungs.
Skin Causes skin irritation. May be a potential risk of skin cancer from prolonged or repeated skin contact with this product in the absence of good personal hygiene. Occasional skin contact with this product is not expected to have serious effects, but good personal hygiene should be practiced and repeated skin contact avoided. Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking.This product can also be expected to produce skin irritation upon prolonged or repeated skin contact.
Eye Causes eye irritation. Airborne exposure can result in eye irritation.
Chronic Effects This particular product has not been tested for carcinogenic activity, however, suggested to be cautious in light of the findings with other distillate streams.

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3. Use of mineral turpentine

3.1 Mandatory PPE

When handling mineral turpentine, utilise the following mandatory PPE:

  • Long-sleeved 100% cotton shirt and full-length 100% cotton trousers. For additional protection, a knee-length 100% cotton laboratory coat (with long sleeves which clip at the wrist) can also be worn.
  • Nitrile or super nitrile gloves.
  • Eye protection: either safety glasses, spectacles, goggles or face shield (complying with AS 1337).
  • Enclosed safety shoes (complying with AS 2210).

FIG 1: PPE

Figure 1: Person wearing appropriate PPE

3.2 Precautions

When handling mineral turpentine:

  • It is advisable to apply a barrier cream to the hands prior to use.
  • Always have at least one other person present in the laboratory.
  • Keep containers closed and in an upright position when not in use.
  • Keep containers away from sources of heat (including hot plates, Bunsen burners, ovens and sunlight) except when heating for testing purposes.
  • Maintain a high level of personal hygiene when using mineral turpentine by always washing hands before eating, drinking, smoking or using toilet facilities.
  • It is advisable to apply a moisturiser after washing hands.

3.3 Decanting

When decanting mineral turpentine, the following must be observed:

  • Decanting must be carried out in a fume cupboard (do not inhale vapours).
  • Decanted aliquots can be stored in small safety drums, wash bottles or reagent bottles. Never return decanted aliquots to the supply container.
  • Dispose of unused aliquots in an appropriate manner (see Section 6: Disposal).
  • Before decanting from one metal container to another metal container, connect an earthing strap between the containers or have one or both of the containers connected to an earthing rod.
Mineral Turpentine Decanting Title Page

Video transcript

Storage of mineral turpentine can occur in 2 ways:

Through bulk storage, usually 200 litre drums or

Laboratory storage, usually in containers of 20 litres or less.

This section covers key points to note in relation to storage within these 2 areas.

Firstly, bulk storage.

Bulk storage of mineral turpentine must be in a secure, well ventilated, bunded storage area. In this facility shown, the bund is below the open slated hardwood floors. It’s important to note that all bunds must have the capacity to capture the total volume of liquids being stored in the area.

Secondly laboratory storage

Mineral turpentine of 20 litres or less must be stored in a bunded, vented flammable liquid storage cabinet that complies with AS 1940. These cabinets are to be located away from sources of heat like hotplates, burners, ovens and sunlight.

This next section covers both bulk and laboratory decanting of mineral turpentine.

This first example will cover bulk decanting.

  • Before decanting from a larger metal container to a smaller metal container, an earthing strap must be connected. The earthing strap can be a connection between the 2 metal containers or to an earthing rod. This will ensure any static electricity is neutralised or carried to earth.
  • Decanting from a 200 litre drum to a smaller container must be performed in a secure, well ventilated bunded area, ensuring vapours are not inhaled.
  • Move the smaller container towards the 200 litre drum. 
  • Open the lid and insert a funnel. 
  • After loosening the bund, place the container with the funnel under the tap attached to the 200 litre drum.
  • Turn it on and fill to the desired level.
  • Once complete, turn the tap off. 
  • Tighten the bund, remove the funnel and close the lid on the smaller container.
  • Transport using an appropriately sized laboratory carrier.

Decanting mineral turpentine from containers in the laboratory must be carried out in a bunded, vented flammable liquid storage cabinet, ensuring vapours are not inhaled.
  
In this example, decanting into a wash bottle will be demonstrated.

  • Open the doors to the flammable liquids cabinet.
  • Move the wash bottle towards the larger container and place it under the tap.
  • Turn the tap on and fill to the desired level.
  • Once complete, turn the tap off and close the doors to the cabinet.
  • If there is any mineral turpentine remaining in the containers, dispose of it using the appropriate disposal method for mineral turpentine.

So, when decanting mineral turpentine, remember to:

  • Carry out the decanting in a bunded, well ventilated area, making sure vapours are not inhaled.
  • For bulk decanting, attach an earthing strap between the 2 metal containers or from the metal container to an earthing rod.
  • Prevent contamination by never returning decanted aliquots to the original supply container; and
  • Dispose of unused aliquots in the appropriate manner.

3.4 Labelling

Containers must be appropriately labelled.

Containers with a capacity larger than 500 mL:

Fig 2: Labelling on reagent container >500 mL 

Figure 2: Labelling on reagent container >500 mL

Labels on containers require the following information:

  • Product and chemical name.
  • Dangerous Goods class (e.g. Class 3: Flammable Liquid).
  • United Nations (UN 1300) Number.
  • Ingredients and formulation details where relevant.
  • Risk phrases.
  • Safety phrases.
  • First aid procedures.
  • Emergency procedures.
  • Details of manufacturer or importer.
  • Reference to MSDS.

Wash bottles or reagent bottles with a capacity of 500 mL or smaller:

Labels on containers require the product and chemical name.

Fig 3: Labelling on reagent bottle <500 mL

Figure 3: Labelling on reagent bottle <500 m

3.5 Carrying mineral turpentine

Mineral turpentine containers are to be transferred as follows:

  • Wash bottles and flasks containing <1.5 L may be transferred by hand.
  • Medium (2.5 L) containers must be transferred using a laboratory carrier.
  • Containers with a mass of 20 kg or larger must be transferred using a trolley

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4. Storage of mineral turpentine

To prevent injury to personnel, damage to equipment and to meet legislative storage requirements, mineral turpentine is to be stored as follows:

4.1 Storage general

Mineral turpentine, being a flammable liquid is to be stored as follows:

  • Monitor containers for deficiencies such as damage or leaks on a monthly basis.
  • Store in an approved container with appropriate labelling.
  • Store containers in an upright position. Drums in bulk storage may be stored horizontally.
  • Keep containers tightly closed when not in use and protected against physical damage.
  • Never store with food, beverages or food packaging.

Mineral turpentine cannot be stored with any of the following substances:

Class Definition Chemicals included in this class
1 Explosives  -
2.1 Flammable Gases Liquid Petroleum gas, Dymark Spray and Mark
Aerosol (paint), Hydrogen (compressed).
2.3 Toxic Gases  -
4.2 Spontaneously Combustible Substances Activated Charcoal.
5.1 Oxidising Agents Ammonium Nitrate, Hydrogen Peroxide, Perchloric Acid, Silver Nitrate, Potassium Permanganate, Chromic Acid.
5.2 Organic Peroxides  -
6 Toxic Substances (Where toxic substances are cyanides and
corrosives are acids)
Ammonium Oxalate, Mercuric Iodide, Phenol crystals and solution, Barium Chloride (6.1), Chloroform (6.1), Methyl Orange (6.1), Potassium Chromate (6.1), Trichloroethylene (6.1).
7 Radioactive Substances Americium/Berylium, Cesium.
9 Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods Lead (metal plate), Magnesium (tooling plate/slab).

4.2 Laboratory storage

  • For quantities of 20 litres or less, store in a bunded, vented, flammable liquid storage cabinet (complying with AS 1940).
  • Storage cabinets must be located away from sources of heat such as hot plates, Bunsen burners, ovens and sunlight.
  • Have appropriate fire extinguishers near any storage area. Suitable extinguishers include carbon dioxide, dry chemical or foam.

4.3 Bulk storage:

  • For bulk storage, e.g. 200 litre drums, store in a secure, well ventilated, bunded storage area.
  • Have appropriate fire extinguishers in and near any bulk storage area. Suitable extinguishers include carbon dioxide, dry chemical or foam.

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5. Spill resolution

Spills or leaks of mineral turpentine must be cleaned up immediately.

5.1 Mandatory PPE

  • Long-sleeved 100% cotton shirt and full-length 100% cotton trousers. For additional protection, a knee-length 100% cotton laboratory coat (with long sleeves which clip at the wrist) can also be worn.
  • Respiratory Equipment eg. Half-Face Filter Respirator Class A1P2 (complying with AS/NZS 1715) for spills in excess of 1 litre.
  • Nitrile or super nitrile gloves.
  • Eye protection: either safety glasses, spectacles, goggles or face shields (complying with AS 1337).
  • Enclosed safety shoes (complying with AS 2210).

5.2 Immediate action

  • Stop any leak if safe to do so.
  • Evacuate all unnecessary personnel.
  • Turn off all sources of heat.
  • Keep combustible materials away from the immediate area of the spill.
  • Turn off air conditioning (if possible).
  • Open windows and doors to increase ventilation (if possible).
  • Use a water spray to prevent vapours from entering the atmosphere.
  • Inform the local authority and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) if contamination of sewers or waterways occurs.

5.3 Clean up

  • Cover the spill with absorbent material such as Chemsorb, Bentonite or Vermiculite until all fluid has been absorbed.
  • Place the contaminated absorbent material in a closed fume cupboard free from any heat source and allow the mineral turpentine to evaporate using the air from the exhaust system.
  • Once the contaminated absorbent material is dry, place it into a plastic bag and seal with a cable tie for subsequent disposal (see Section 6: Disposal).
  • Ventilate the spill site to evaporate any remaining liquid and dispel vapours.
Mineral Turpentine Spill Procedures Title Page

Video transcript

Spills or leaks of mineral turpentine must be cleaned up immediately. However, before attending to any mineral turpentine spill, it is imperative the correct PPE is worn.

For mineral turpentine spills, this includes: 

  • Enclosed safety shoes which comply with AS2210.
  • A knee length 100% cotton laboratory coat with long sleeves that are clipped at the wrist.
  • Safety glasses; and
  • Chemical gloves from the chemical spill containment kit.

If the spill is greater than 1 litre, respirator equipment such as a half faced filter respirator class A1P2 must be worn.

Following a spill, you must stop any leak if it’s safe to do so.

  • Evacuate all unnecessary personnel, making sure there are at least 2 people remaining in attendance.
  • Keep combustible materials away from the immediate area of the spill.
  • If possible, increase ventilation by opening doors and windows.
  • Turn off air conditioning and heat sources like ovens or hot plates; and
  • Gather the spill kit suitable for cleaning up the chemical.

In this example, a flammable liquids or hydrocarbon spill kit is required.

If contamination of sewers or waterways occurs, relevant local authorities and the EPA must be informed in accordance with local regulations.

With the correct PPE and spill kit, the spill can now be attended to.

Cover the spilled mineral turpentine using:

  • Chemsorb
  • Bentonite
  • Vermicullite

In this demonstration, a proprietary product called EcoSweep is being used.

  • Pour the Ecosweep over the spill to absorb the solvent.
  • Once the mineral turpentine has been absorbed, scoop up the mixture into a bucket and place this in a closed fume cupboard, free from any heat source to allow the solvent to evaporate using the air from the exhaust system.
  • Once the contaminated absorbent material is dry, place it into a plastic bag and seal.
  • Finally, place this bag into general waste.
  • Ventilate the spill site to evaporate any remaining liquid and dispel vapours.

To recap the procedures following a mineral turpentine spill:

  • Ensure correct PPE is worn.
  • Secure the site.
  • If necessary, notify any relevant authorities.
  • Use the flammable liquids or hydrocarbon spill kit.
  • Dispose of waste correctly; and
  • Ensure personal safety is maintained at all times.

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6. Disposal

6.1 Pre-Treatment

  • Empty mineral turpentine containers (including 200 L drums) should be thoroughly washed out with water. The washings are to be absorbed by an inert absorbent such as Chemsorb, Bentonite or Vermiculite.
  • Labels on empty supply containers must be removed or fully obliterated.

6.2 Disposal method

The containers and absorbent material can be disposed of as follows:

  • Absorbent material contaminated by washings is placed in a closed fume cupboard free from any heat source and the solvent is allowed to evaporate using the air from the exhaust system, until the absorbent material is dry.
  • Washed out supply drums can be recycled.
  • Supply containers and degraded wash bottles must be placed in general waste.
  • Contaminated dry absorbent material (in a sealed plastic bag) can be disposed of in general waste.

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7. Fire and explosion hazard information

In case of fire with mineral turpentine present:

  • Suitable Extinguishing Media: In case of fire, use foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide extinguisher or spray. Do not use water jet.
  • Hazards from Combustion Products: Carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide.
  • Fire/Explosion Hazards: Flammable liquid and vapour. Vapour may cause flash fire. Vapours may accumulate in low or confined areas, travel a considerable distance to a source of ignition and flashback. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard.

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8. First aid procedures

In case of exposure with mineral turpentine:

  • Inhalation: If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Seek medical attention immediately.
  • Ingestion: Do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. If potentially dangerous quantities of this material have been swallowed, Seek medical attention immediately.
  • Skin: In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Clean shoes thoroughly before reuse. Seek medical attention immediately.
  • Eye: If in contact with the eye(s) hold eyelids apart and flush the eye continuously with running water. Take care not to wash contaminated water into the non-affected eye. Continue flushing for at least 15 minutes or until advised to stop by the Poisons Information Centre or a doctor. Seek medical attention immediately.
  • First Aid Facilities Required: Eye wash station, safety shower and normal washroom facilities.
  • Advice to Doctor: Treat symptomatically. For advice call the Poisons Information Centre below.

Emergency contacts

  • Poisons Information Centre: 131 126
  • Australian Emergency Services: 000

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9. Technical information

Fig 5: Mineral Turpentine

Figure 4: Mineral Turpentine

Mineral turpentine chemical and physical information

Molecular Formula -
Appearance Clear/colourless liquid.
Melting Point N/A
Boiling Point 149 °C to 191 °C
Solubility in Water Insoluble.
Specific Gravity 0.81
Flash Point 36 °C
Stability Stable under recommended storage conditions.
Incompatible Materials

Reactive or incompatible with the following materials - oxidizing materials, acids and alkalis. Avoid extreme
temperatures, strong oxidizers, fire.

 
Hazardous Decomposition Products
Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide.
Hazardous Polymerisation Will not occur.
Hazardous Reactions Oxidising materials, acids and alkalis.

The following controls are used by TMR to minimise risks when handling mineral turpentine:

Current Transport and Main Roads controls

Engineering Controls / Ventilation Fume cupboard complying with AS 1807 and AS 2243.
Safe Work Procedures As per this technique/MSDS.
First Aid Facilities Eyewash station, safety shower and normal washroom facilities.
Spill Procedures Refer to Sections 5.2 and 5.3.
Waste Disposal Procedures Refer to Section 6.2.
Fire/Explosion Hazard Refer to Section 7.
Administrative Controls Nil
PPE Refer to Section 5.1.
Emergency Procedures Phone 1800 638 556.
Training Provided Assessed element of competency.
Previous Monitoring Results Nil
Storage & Handling Requirements Flammable Liquid Cabinet complying with AS 1940 and bulk store complying with this technique.
Monitoring Required No
Health Surveillance Required No

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Last updated
18 September 2013