Getting a heavy vehicle licence
To upgrade your licence to a heavy vehicle licence (class LR, MR, HR, HC) you must pass a practical driving test. If you only hold a car (class C) or motorbike (class RE or R) licence you will also need to pass a written heavy vehicle road rules test.
Choosing your test vehicle
For your driving test, you must drive a vehicle that is representative of the type of vehicle as the licence class you are applying for. For example, you need a class LR licence to drive a bus less than 4.5 t GVM which is built or fitted to carry more than 12 adults (including the driver). This vehicle cannot however, be used for the purpose of a practical driving test for a class LR as it is not considered to be representative of the range of vehicles that can be driven on a class LR licence. See the table below for examples of vehicles that meet the requirements for each class.
Minimum heavy vehicle test standards
|Licence class ||Vehicle requirement |
|LR (light rigid)
||A bus or truck more than 4.5 t GVM but not more than 8 tonne GVM. |
|MR (medium rigid)
||A bus or truck more than 8 t GVM, with not more than two axles.|
|HR (heavy rigid)
||A bus or a truck more than 15 t GVM, with at least three axles.|
Note: the test cannot be taken in a bobtail prime mover.
|HC (heavy combination)
A prime mover more than 15 t GVM with at least three axles and semi-trailer with at least two axles.
A truck more than 15 t GVM with at least three axles and trailer more than 9 t GVM with at least two axles.
A vehicle of more than 12 t GVM must carry at least 3 portable warning triangles for the test.
On-road driving test times
The on-road driving test times for the different heavy vehicle licence classes are:
- LR – 25 to 35 minutes
- MR and HR – 60 to 70 minutes
- HC – 70 to 80 minutes.
Uncontrolled events may affect the duration of your test.