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Walking Network Planning Guidance

More people will walk when everyday destinations are connected by comfortable, direct, safe and accessible routes. Walking network plans (WNPs) are a first step to creating better places to walk.

The Queensland Government is committed to achieving the Queensland Walking Strategy 2019–2029 vision of walking becoming 'an easy choice for everyone, every day'. When we talk about walking, we also include running and moving with the help of a mobility device (such as a wheelchair, mobility cane or a walking frame).

The following guidance supports practitioners to prepare WNPs and a prioritised works program to make the plan a reality.

On this page:

How to use this guidance

  • What is it?
  • Who is it for?
  • When should you use it?

What is it?

The guidance integrates two existing guidelines to create an approach that works for Queensland circumstances:

The Department of Transport and Main Roads (TMR) would like to acknowledge the Victorian Department of Transport for permission to use the PPN guidelines in this way.

The Victorian guideline refers to development of a Principal Pedestrian Network (PPN). In Queensland this is called a Walking Network Plan (WNP). For PPN in the Victorian guideline, read WNP.

There are six stages:

This process has been tested and refined in collaboration with three pilot local governments: Logan City Council, Gladstone Regional Council and Mount Isa City Council. You can view case studies from each council.

Each stage of the guidance describes key tasks, identifies links to the source guidelines and explains how to apply these in a Queensland context. There are also links to additional walking guidance and resources on the TMR website, which provide valuable assistance for every stage of the process.

You can watch a short video about how to prepare a walking network plan and priority works program.

 

Video transcript

Slide 1

Hello. This short presentation provides an overview of new guidance for planning walking networks throughout Queensland. The guidance has been prepared by the Cycling and Walking Team at the Department of Transport and Main Roads (TMR). My name is Andrew Ross and I am the Pedestrian Planner for TMR. I will be taking you through each stage of the new online material. Walking plays a critical role in an integrated transport system that improves health, liveability and the environment. Whether on foot, moving with the help of a mobility device such as a wheelchair, or pushing a child in a pram, walking is an important part of life for everyone.

The new guidance is targeted at local governments, and will also be useful to:

  • Queensland state authorities,
  • Transport practitioners,
  • Land use planners,
  • Urban designers,
  • Architects,
  • Developers and
  • Community groups.

Slide 2

First, I will introduce the Queensland Walking Strategy and outline the new walking network planning guidance.

In the second part of this presentation I will explain how to use the new guidance.

Slide 3

No transcript

Slide 4

Queensland’s first walking strategy was released in 2019. The strategy sets out the Queensland Government vision of making walking an easy choice for everyone, every day. It focuses delivery across four themes:

  1. Planning for walkable places and communities
  2. Building connected, comfortable and safe walking environments for all
  3. Encouraging more people to walk as part of their 'everyday'
  4. Working together to deliver for walking.

The strategy is accompanied by an action plan that will be updated every 2 years.

The Walking in Queensland Report provides a baseline for monitoring our progress.

Slide 5

More people will walk when everyday destinations are connected by comfortable, direct, safe and accessible routes.

Walking network plans – or WNPs – are a first step to creating better places to walk. TMR has published guidance for local governments and others on how to prepare WNPs and priority works programs.

The new guidance shows how to plan one and two kilometre walking catchments around key destinations such as a main shopping street, public transport station, school or entertainment facility.

The guidance is based on two existing documents: Victoria’s Guidelines for Developing Principal Pedestrian Networks, and Queensland’s Walkability Improvement Tool.

The new process has been tested with three local governments: Gladstone Regional Council, Logan City Council and Mount Isa City Council.

The result is the first Queensland-specific walking guidance.

Slide 6

I will now introduce the six stages of the new guidance. 

Slide 7

Stages 1, 2 and 3 focus on preparing, testing and finalising a WNP.

Stages 4 and 5 provide advice on how to prepare and finalise a works program to implement the plan.

Stage 6 shows how to evaluate and promote the network plan and works program.

The new guidance is to be used in existing environments.

If you are planning walking infrastructure in new greenfield areas, please refer to the Street Design Manual: Walkable Neighbourhoods published by the Institute of Public Works Engineering Australia (Queensland) in 2020. 

Slide 8

For every stage, the online guidance provides:

  • links to the source documents
  • additional Queensland-specific notes, and
  • links to the TMR website’s Pedestrian and Walking Guidance and Resources pages.

There is also a wealth of other supporting information and resources including:

  • Extra mapping advice
  • Resources to help run stakeholder engagement workshops, and
  • A template spreadsheet to capture and help prioritise potential works.

The guidance package also includes:

  • Three case studies summarising the pilot councils’ learning and tips, and
  • A sample Request for Quote template to assist with procuring a consultant (or guiding in house staff) to undertake the work.

Slide 9

Walking is a critical part of Queensland’s transport system. For example, safe walking environments are essential to reduce fatalities and also improve accessibility to the network, particularly for the one in five Queenslanders who have a disability.

There are many reasons for developing a WNP. An important first step is to identify your local needs.

Take a multidisciplinary approach: identify local land use planning, transport, tourism, health and recreation policies that support the development of a WNP. If local policies are limited, draw on the objectives of the Queensland Walking Strategy, which puts walking at the top of the sustainable transport hierarchy.

From there, develop your local walking ‘vision’.

This is also the time to agree who will manage the development and delivery of the WNP and works program, and how both will be adopted.

If you haven’t already, decide on the key destination around which your network will be based. It could be a main street, school, public transport station or hospital.

Identify other key destinations to be included that communities walk to within the catchment.

The guidance provides comprehensive instructions for using Geographic Information Systems or GIS to prepare a draft WNP.

Slide 10

Once you have developed a desktop-based WNP, it needs to be tested on the ground by a range of different users.

The guidance provides comprehensive instructions for organising a stakeholder engagement workshop to test the draft WNP produced in Stage 1.

The workshop is also an opportunity to discuss potential solutions and have a first go at prioritising them.

Organisations should consider what other consultation they want to undertake on the WNP. For example, after holding its stakeholder workshop Mount Isa City Council decided to take their draft WNP to public exhibition. 

Slide 11

The feedback you receive at the stakeholder workshop will help to refine the draft WNP.

As we’ll see with the case studies later in this presentation, all the pilot WNPs were strengthened by involving local people and using on-the-ground auditing. For example, Mount Isa strengthened radial walking connections between suburbs, not just the routes into and out of the CBD.

Finally, adopt the WNP based on governance arrangements agreed at Stage 1. 

Slide 12

In Stage 4, the emphasis moves from planning to delivery.

One of the purposes of the stakeholder workshop is to discuss initial options for implementing the plan.

The guidance pack includes a separate presentation on suitable infrastructure for improving walking environments. Use this as a starting point to develop a list of works that could help to solve the problems identified by stakeholders.

Generate preliminary designs and costs to determine feasibility.

Slide 13

In Stage 5, use the template included in the guidance pack to help prioritise the works. The template assists you to rank proposed works by urgency, cost and timescale.

Using the template, Gladstone Regional Council reprioritised some of its program once it established which high priority works it could design and construct quickly.

Adopt the works program using the process you identified at Stage 1. This should include identifying works for future budget years so that the plan is implemented over time.

Slide 14

The guidance provides advice on how to choose indicators for measuring improvements to the walking network, and changes in the number of people walking.

Simply building infrastructure isn’t always enough to get people to use it. The guidance includes a section on how to promote new infrastructure, and increase use.

Slide 15

In the remainder of this presentation I will share some of the lessons from the three pilot areas.

Slide 16

The first is Mount Isa. There are several challenges involved in walking to and within Mt Isa’s CBD. These include a high number of heavy vehicles on the Barkly Highway and Camooweal Street. Mt Isa City Council (MICC) focussed its prioritised program of works on safety related improvements.

There were a number of insights from the Mt Isa pilot:

  • First, planning for walking provides an opportunity for local stakeholders and the community to show their support for creating walkable environments.
  • Second, stakeholder and community engagement improves the plan: for example, the council amended routes based on local knowledge and extended the reach of the network to include suburban links.
  • Third, build enough time into the process to seek and incorporate community feedback.
  • Finally, include infrastructure that makes walking more comfortable, for example shade trees and respite areas. This is particularly challenging in places that require permanent irrigation due to low rainfall.

Slide 17

Gladstone Regional Council was keen to prepare a WNP that would improve links between the CBD and immediate surrounding areas, including Gladstone Port.

The pilot provided valuable insights ahead of preparing the final guidance. These include:

  • Involve delivery and operations teams early in the development of a priority works program.
  • Use external stakeholder engagement to help prioritise actions and secure their buy-in for delivery.
  • Work in partnership across multiple parts of council where possible to deliver improved value for money.
  • And finally, use walking network plan priorities to support budget bids for ongoing delivery.

Slide 18

In Logan, the pilot network planning was based around a Queensland Government proposal to relocate Loganlea Rail Station. The proposed new location provides an opportunity to improve walking access between the station and local facilities such as Logan Hospital, a TAFE campus, shops and a high school.

Once again, the guidance was influenced by lessons from this pilot, including the following:

  • Agree a vision for walking prior to preparing a walking network plan and works program.
  • In precincts with multiple complex planning projects, identify local walking access opportunities and barriers.
  • Use planning for major developments as a catalyst to create WNPs for the surrounding catchment.
  • Finally, take a strategic approach to planning for walking to help highlight and resolve conflicts between the movement and place functions of a precinct.

Slide 19

TMR is very grateful to the local governments that piloted the guidance. All of them influenced the final version that TMR has launched for use.

This slide provides quotes from representatives of each of the councils. They show the breadth of the benefits that can come from planning for walking. I hope they will encourage you to use the guidance too.

Slide 20

The full guidance is available to use at the links shown on the slide.

A reminder that the Pedestrian and Walking Guidance and Resources pages include links to technical guidance and a whole range of supporting information and inspiration.

TMR’s Walking and Cycling Team is available to assist with any questions or queries you may have. Use the email address on the slide to get in touch. 

Slide 21

I hope you have enjoyed this presentation, and good luck with your walking network planning.


To learn more about how TMR is providing an integrated transport system for Queensland you can watch a summary of TMR's fast facts.

For planning walking infrastructure in greenfield sites refer to the Street Design Manual: Walkable Neighbourhoods (Institute of Public Works Engineering Australasia, Queensland, 2020).

Who is it for?

Guidance has been developed for Queensland local and state authorities, transport practitioners, planners, urban designers, architects, developers and community groups.

You can request a model scope of works for a project/tender to develop a WNP by sending an email to walking@tmr.qld.gov.au.

When should you use it?

Use the guidance to:

  • create an overarching walking network plan to achieve a safer, comfortable and more connected walking environment
  • undertake precinct planning around walking destinations such as shops, schools and public transport stations
  • prioritise and plan works, budgets and funding schedules to implement improvements to walking environments.

 

Stage 1 Prepare draft walking network plan

Key tasks:
  • understand local walking 'vision'
  • identify primary destination(s) that will be the focus of the walking network
  • identify other key destinations to be included that communities walk to i.e. secondary destinations
  • use GIS to prepare draft WNP (i.e. walkable catchment and shortest distance between destinations)
Source guidance:

Victorian PPN:

  • Delineating the PPN, Steps 1-9
  • Validating the PPN, Step 5
  • Appendix B (MapInfo guidance, 2015 version)
  • Appendix B (ArcGIS guidance, 2020 version)

Notes for Queensland users

Prior to preparing a WNP, be clear about why you want the plan and how it will be adopted and used. Prepare a precinct walking vision and objectives.

Take a multidisciplinary approach: identify local land use planning, transport, tourism, health and recreation policies that support the development of a WNP. If local policies are limited, draw on the objectives of the Queensland Government (2019) Queensland Walking Strategy 2019–2029, which puts walking at the top of the sustainable transport hierarchy:

 

 

Identify existing information/feedback from stakeholders and the community about current conditions for walking that might help define plan objectives.

The road authority needs to identify how they will manage their implementation and ongoing monitoring and delivery of the WNP and works program. The governance arrangements will define ownership, roles and responsibilities to help deliver the vision for walking in the precinct.

Refer to 'Notes for Queensland users – mapping' for guidance on how to prepare a draft WNP. (Victorian PPN, Delineating the PPN Steps 1-9, pg 26-43).

 

Pedestrian and Walking Guidance and Resources

Why walking matters

Planning for walking

Urban planning and design

 

Stage 2 Test the draft walking network plan

Key tasks:
  • organise stakeholder engagement workshop
  • conduct local walking audits
  • capture stakeholder feedback
  • identify possible works and priorities
Source guidance:

WIT:

  • Steps 5-7
  • Appendix 2

Victorian PPN:

  • Validating the PPN, Step 1
  • Validating the PPN, Step 4

Notes for Queensland users

Organise a stakeholder workshop, including a walking audit. Access a range of resources and templates to help you do this.

Identify which stakeholders to invite (more advice about which stakeholders to invite advice is available). Include disability groups and organisations, or representatives with accessible auditing knowledge, and adopt a co-design approach (refer to the Public Transport Conveyance Manual for further co-design guidance) to improve accessibility for all walkers.

 

Pedestrian and Walking Guidance and Resources

Why walking matters

Pedestrian characteristics

Audits and measuring walkable environments

Planning for walking

 

Stage 3 Finalise the walking network plan

Key tasks:
  • update and finalise the draft network plan using walking audits and stakeholder feedback
  • adopt network plan
Source guidance:

Victorian PPN:

  • Validating the PPN, Step 6

Notes for Queensland users

Update the WNP to include changes recommended through the stakeholder engagement workshop. (Victorian PPN, Validating the PPN Step 6, pg 51).

Changes are likely to include:

  • amendments to secondary destination locations
  • adding cross-precinct primary routes to ensure key network walking paths are captured
  • rationalising, realigning and, if necessary, removing secondary routes to better reflect how the community wants to use the walking network.

Liaise closely with key stakeholders when finalising the WNP to encourage a sense of ownership and buy-in ahead of adopting a finalised plan.

 

Pedestrian and Walking Guidance and Resources

Planning for walking

Urban planning and urban design

 

Stage 4 Prepare draft works program

Key tasks:
  • identify works needed to implement plan
  • undertake preliminary design assessment
  • identify costs and timescales
Source guidance:

WIT:

  • Step 8

Notes for Queensland users

Use the stakeholder engagement and walking audit outcomes to inform the works and actions.

Confirm that the governance arrangements agreed at Stage 1 are working as plan preparation moves to designing and managing construction of walking infrastructure.

After development of an approved WNP, allow enough time to investigate options and feasibility prior to preparing the works program.

Ensure that you understand relevant desired infrastructure standards for primary and secondary routes. The walking guidance and resources listed on the TMR site are particularly helpful for this stage. Austroads has published an overview of where to find updated walking content in its Guide to Traffic Management and Guide to Road Design.

You can also consider (WIT, Step 8, pg 19):

  • non-infrastructure initiatives: for example, walking promotion, marketing, education and behaviour change initiatives
  • temporary, quick, and easy to implement measures
  • supporting facilities such as wayfinding guidance
  • works related to maintenance of existing walking and supporting facilities.

Discussions should also include potential coordination with other scheduled relevant works in the precinct. (WIT, Step 8, pg 19).

 

Pedestrian and Walking Guidance and Resources

Planning for walking

Supporting facilities

Shade and street trees

Construction and maintenance

Paths for walking

Road crossings

Speed management and integrated treatments

Urban planning and urban design

Universal access

Promotion, encouragement, and behaviour change

 

Stage 5 Finalise and implement the works program

Key tasks:
  • prioritise works
  • adopt works program
  • commence identified works
Source guidance

WIT:

  • Step 9

Notes for Queensland users

The WIT defines proposed works as Essential, Important or Non-Essential. These categories are subjective and contextual to each road authority. For example, if there have been recent complaints received by local government regarding lack of respite areas (shading, seating and so on) along a corridor, these works may be ranked as Essential with a desire to implement in the short term. (WIT, Step 9, pg 20-21).

Ideally, categorise identified works as Essential or Important to help maximise the likelihood of implementation. (WIT, Step 9, pg 20-21). Broadly, examples of improvements under each of these themes are:

  • Essential: safety related (that is, footpath provision on streets classified as greater than Collector, crash, or hazardous location, speed limit reviews, lighting;); accessibility (provides access for people with disability); missing links (including crossings); street trees; removal of trip hazards.
  • Important: works that encourage walking (crossings at desire lines, seating/street furniture/decluttering of path area); wayfinding; footpath widening; pavement upgrades for amenity; art installations (although in some locations any of these improvements could be regarded as Essential depending on vision and objectives for the precinct).

In addition to the WIT guidance on prioritising works, identify timing and responsible party for delivering works. Download an example template.

When determining concept costs for each works item, also consider the costs and resources involved in further engineering analysis, assessment, approvals and ongoing maintenance. (WIT, Step 9, pg 21).

Co-ordinate between local and state road authorities to understand if/when there are other works that are planned or being undertaken in the area that may enable the proposed walking enhancements to be included at the same time for potentially lower cost. For example, planned road maintenance may provide an opportunity to include walking improvements/amenity within the corridor. (WIT, Step 9, pg 20-21).

Funding opportunities for walking infrastructure projects can come from a variety of sources:

  • joint council/state/federal/private sector investment (for example, the TMR/Local Government Cost Sharing Arrangement within state-controlled roads)
  • for projects also on a high priority Principal Cycle Network route, you can apply for a TMR Cycle Network Local Government grant
  • developer contributions
  • local council budget dedicated to walking (active travel) infrastructure
  • related upcoming or ongoing projects
  • state or federal government support, including infrastructure grants and funding for road safety improvements.

Stage 6 Evaluate and promote the network plan and works program

Key tasks:
  • evaluate improvements to the walking network
  • promote new infrastructure
Source guidance

Victorian PPN:

  • Implementing the PPN, Step 3

Notes for Queensland users

Identify the following:

  • What are your overall objectives and desired outcomes?
  • What data is already available?
  • What additional data would need to be collected?
  • How can this data be collected and what is the budget for evaluation?

Whether you are evaluating a plan or a project will influence your approach, including collection of baseline data and timing of post-implementation data collection. Data collected for a project can supplement data sourced for precinct evaluation.

At the precinct level, collect baseline data prior to starting any works, and undertake follow up measurements a minimum of six months after interventions have been implemented. Evaluate every two years once implementation is complete.

Only collect data that will assist with evaluating the plan or a project. Use measures that are influenced directly by the improvements. For example, speed reduction measures can be assessed using before/after speed surveys.

Before and after photos document the improvements to walking, how they were achieved and the difference they made.

Use the following information to identify the types of data that may be suitable for evaluating your plan or project.


Evaluating plans

Change in demand

What to measure:

  • Growth in number and types of people walking
  • Growth in walking mode share
  • Mode shift/diversion rates

Data sources:

  • Travel surveys/diaries/hands up surveys (schools)
  • Census journey to work
  • Mobile phone data
  • Origin – destination data
  • On street surveys (tracking trip lengths and routes, types of people using facilities, delays experienced etc)
  • Walking participation survey
  • Intercept surveys

Safety

What to measure:

  • Reductions in vehicle traffic volumes and traffic speed
  • Reduction in number of fatalities and hospitalisations that are related to pedestrians

Data sources:

  • Traffic counts
  • Speed surveys
  • TMR Road crash database
  • Before/after road safety audits

Attitudes/perceptions

What to measure:

  • % of residents that feel comfortable walking in their local area
  • Perception of safety, including personal security
  • % of population who consider they have good accessibility to a range of services (by walking)

Data sources:

  • Statistical phone/online surveys or intercept surveys
  • Online spatial interactive mapping (e.g. social pinpoint)

Economic change

What to measure:

  • Cost benefit analysis of projects in precinct
  • Vacancy rates/ land or rent values
  • Turnover

Data sources:

 

Evaluating works

Change in demand

What to measure:

  • Growth in number of people walking along key corridors

Data sources:

  • Manual and/or automatic counts
  • Mobile phone/Bluetooth data
  • Observational surveys
  • Intercept surveys with users
  • Traffic signal operational data (pedestrian crossing activation)
  • Cordon counts

Delivery outcomes

What to measure:

  • Provision of completed works

Data sources:

  • Footpaths (length)
  • Supporting infrastructure (e.g. shade/street trees, wayfinding signage)
  • Crossings/intersection improvements (number improved/added)
  • Speed reduction (length)

 

Promoting plans and new infrastructure

Engage with:

  • people who live, work, shop and play in the precinct
  • walking-related community groups and programs (for example, Queensland Walks, Heart Foundation, 10,000 steps, Parkrun)
  • other relevant tourism and recreation groups and operators (for example, Outdoors Queensland, Bushwalking Queensland). Encourage the creation of themed maps/walking routes that enable visitors/tourists to explore the precinct.

If the project is on a high priority Principal Cycle Network route, you can apply for a TMR Infra+ grant to promote the new infrastructure using behaviour change techniques.

 

Pedestrian and Walking Guidance and Resources

Planning for walking

Walking data

Auditing and measuring walkable environments

Promotion, encouragement, and behaviour change

 

Mapping

For step-by-step guidance when using MapInfo for GIS mapping, refer to Appendix B. (Victorian PPN, pg 58-76).

Find step-by-step guidance when using ArcGIS for GIS mapping.

In Queensland, pedestrian networks are called walking networks.

For best results, map both a 1km and 2km walking catchment when developing a WNP. (Victorian PPN, Delineating the PPN Step 2, pg 28-29).

When mapping the pedestrian network, use both the existing footpath/pathway network and road network (Baseline roads and tracks dataset from Open Data Portal – Queensland Government). Undertake a manual review of the existing footpath network, particularly within park/recreation areas and 'shortcuts' within residential areas. (Victorian PPN, Delineating the PPN Step 3, pg 30-31).

When determining secondary destination population, if Meshblock population or employment data is not available specifically for that land use, use trip generation rates. This will require a manual assessment to determine the appropriate rate and yield to adopt for each secondary destination. Refer to TMR's Guide to Traffic Impact Assessment (Section 8.2.1) for trip generation rate resources. (Victorian PPN, Delineating the PPN Step 6, pg 36).

For example, let's determine the secondary destination population for a school:

  • Confirm student numbers: search for the school on the Department of Education Schools Directory, and click on the 'Enrolment details' tab. For this example, 363 students are enrolled.
  • Confirm appropriate trip rate: peak generation rate for a primary school is 0.28 trips per student.
  • Calculate estimated population: 0.28 trips per 363 students = 102 secondary destination population for the primary school.

When mapping the primary/secondary destinations, use walking access point(s). Designating routes to/from actual entry points will create a realistic and accessible walking network. This applies particularly for larger land uses, for example a hospital, because the entry(s) for walking will likely differ from the centre point of the destination (or main vehicle access point). (Victorian PPN, Delineating the PPN Step 7, pg 38-39).

When determining the shortest routes between primary/secondary destinations, ensure that the route to exit and re-enter the catchment to avoid barriers as needed. (Victorian PPN, Delineating the PPN Step 7, pg 38-39).

When determining the intensity of routes, combine both Meshblock population data and the secondary destination population data along each route. This will provide a more realistic representation of secondary route designations compared with primary route designations. Where secondary destination populations are not considered in determining route intensity, this may result in a disproportionate number of primary routes and create an adverse influence on ability to program works. (Victorian PPN, Delineating the PPN Step 8, pg 40-41).

For more complex urban environments, consider creating a hierarchy/weighting of secondary destinations relative to the type of primary destination, to help define primary or secondary routes on the network. (Victorian PPN, Delineating the PPN Step 9, pg 42-43).

Prepare the following maps for review during the stakeholder engagement workshop (Victorian PPN, Validating the PPN Step 1, pg 45):

  • Show known future walking networks, local or state master planning or capital works plans. Recommend showing future walking network as a dashed line etc. to distinguish future planning from the existing network, as shown in this example:

  • When mapping the walking network, utilise the contour layer to identify paths where gradients exceed 5%. Highlight these for review during stakeholder liaison to confirm whether they should be removed and other routes considered as part of the WNP.
  • Overlay the crash history (pedestrian-related incidents) to help inform path alignment and initial works program.
  • Overlay the TMR Principal Cycle Network Plan (PCNP) to identify synergies with existing active travel priorities.

 

ESRI ArcGIS guide

[This guidance is reproduced with permission from the forthcoming updated version of Principal Pedestrian Networks: Guidelines for state and local government (State of Victoria).]

The following provides a guide to undertaking the analysis mapping in ESRI ArcGIS. This analysis will require the use of ArcGIS’ Network Analyst extension. The step numbers align with those in the current Victorian PPN guidance (Part 2, Section 1: Delineating the PPN).

Step 1: Collate background data

The layers required to complete the analysis are:

  • Meshblock area and data table
  • Road network – for pedestrian access.

Collate the data required for the analysis. Road network data is available at www.data.qld.gov.au/dataset/baseline-roads-and-tracks-queensland.

ABS Meshblock data is available from the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Step 2: Determine the primary destination

Map the selected location(s) for the primary destination.

Step 3: Creating the road network

Enable the Network Analyst Extension on your current ArcMap session.

Select Customize>Extensions. A window with extensions will show.

Create a new feature dataset in ArcCatalog for the road network to be stored in. Add the road network layer that will be used for the analysis in the current MXD.

Right click on the newly created feature data set. Navigate to New/Network Dataset.

Choose the name for your network dataset, then choose the version of your network dataset. Click 'Next'.

Choose the road network layer to use as source for the network data set, click 'no' to model turns in the network since this is going to be used for pedestrian analysis. You can continue through the process leaving the options with the default choices, you will then get to a point where it will ask if you want to establish driving directions. As this is a pedestrian analysis, this won’t be necessary. Click 'Next'.

A summary of all the settings you have chosen will be displayed. Select 'Finish'.

If you need in-depth instructions and information on all the settings; ESRI provides detailed instructions https://desktop.arcgis.com/en/arcmap/latest/extensions/network-analyst/exercise-1-creating-a-network-dataset.htm

Step 4: Map the walkable catchment

Add the primary destination(s) layer to the working MXD. From the network analyst tool bar drop down list, choose 'New Service Area'.

Select to show Network Analyst window.

Right click on Facilities and choose 'Load Locations' to open the dialogue window.

Fill the window in as shown and select 'OK'.

Click on 'Service Area Properties' button to be able to change the default breaks shown on the service area. Change the 'Default Breaks' to 2000 and click 'OK'.

Click “Solve” button   on the Network Analyst tool bar to calculate the catchment.

Layers will be grouped under 'Service Area' are temporary. The result of the service area will be sitting in the 'Polygons' layer.

Right click 'Polygons' layer and export the catchment as a feature class in the working geodatabase.

Step 5: Map existing residential population densities

Add the Meshblock area layer and data table into the MXD.

Join the table to the area.

Export the layer with the joined data as a feature class.

Create centroids out of the Meshblock area layer. If you have an ArcGIS Pro Desktop you use the 'Feature to Point' tool. An alternative is use QGIS using the Polygon Centroids tool.

Step 7: Determine shortest distance routes

Add the network dataset that was created in Part 2, along with the Meshblock centroids that were created in Part 4 to the working MXD. From the Network Analyst toolbar drop down list, choose 'New Closest Facility'.

Add the facilities and the incidents to the model. You can decide which layer will serve as facilities and which one will serve as incidents. This is optional, but if there are any line barriers that will need to be added, you can add them into this step.

Go through the “Layer Properties” dialogue and set the properties on the “Analysis Settings “tab. Click “OK”.

Select “Solve” button on the Network Analyst tool bar to calculate the catchment.

 

 

Stakeholder workshop

This section provides supporting information for the validation stage of the Victorian PPN (Step 4, pg 48).

The following resources are available to help prepare and run the stakeholder workshop:

 

Expand for video transcript

Video transcript

Slide 1 

These resources will help you to gather a diverse range of stakeholder input and feedback to incorporate into a refined WNP and draft works program.

Prepare maps for review during the stakeholder engagement (refer User Notes - Mapping).

Include an opportunity to present the local walking ‘vision’ for the precinct (see 'How to use this guidance') during the workshop. This will help define the purpose of developing the WNP for the precinct and/or objectives of the project and encourage community feedback and support. This will also have an influence on the selection of works/solutions that may be included in your program.

A key element of the stakeholder workshop is to provide participants with an opportunity to undertake a walking audit to help them 'get into the shoes' of someone who walks. This can help shape how the stakeholders perceive the network and inform how the draft WNP is amended. The runsheet describes how to organise an on-site walking audit at the beginning of the workshop. (WIT, Step 5-7, pg 16-19).

If you’re aware accessibility is poor in the precinct, consider developing an accessible map of the area to help focus where improvements are needed most. Access examples previously prepared by TMR of this type of inclusive mapping.

Undertake walking audit close to workshop location (800m to 1km). Where possible, align walking audit route(s) with a primary route of the WNP. Prepare map printouts of the walking audit routes for participants’ reference. Example of a field log sheet for completion during a walking audit. (WIT, Appendix 2, pg 43).

Encourage feedback from all participants, for example, by breaking into multiple smaller groups:

  • For face-to-face stakeholder engagement workshops, use large printouts of the WNP to provide participants the opportunity to provide feedback on the plan directly with markers and so on. These will be a valuable resource when finalising the WNP in the next stage.
  • For virtual workshops, use online engagement resources such as Google Jamboard or Microsoft Miro to allow participants to provide direct feedback on the draft WNP.

To help facilitate participant discussion on potential works/actions, workshop with the group to identify priority routes/areas group to focus on before considering whole precinct area.

When discussing potential works/actions along priority routes, use the Walkable Neighbourhood Design Options video to illustrate good examples of walking treatments/actions. The organiser/facilitator can use the text on the slides and talk to the presentation. Ideally, complement this with local examples or scenarios to help ground the ideas in a familiar context. Alternatively, participants can watch the presentation without anyone speaking.

Last updated
27 September 2021